Depression In Today's Black Youth
Depression is a serious mental health issue that significantly impacts the lives of any youth. Data from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH, 2015) notes the following rates among adolescents:
Major depression occurs in about 9% of teens ages 12 to 17
Depression is more common in girls (13.7%) then boys (4.7%)
Among Black youth about 7.9% meet diagnosis for major depression
Although those teens that experience depressions don’t always have suicidal thoughts it is a common concern. One study found that among Black youth 3.2% reported some suicidal thoughts in the past year; and 1.4% reported attempting suicide. This may seem like a small number. However, suicide is the third leading cause of death among Black youth.
Persistent sad, anxious, or "empty" mood
Feelings of hopelessness, pessimism
Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, helplessness
Decreased energy, fatigue, being "slowed down"
Difficulty concentrating, remembering, making decisions
Difficulty sleeping, early-morning awakening, or oversleeping
Appetite and/or weight changes
Thoughts of death or suicide; suicide attempts
Suicide Warning Signs
Talking about wanting to die or to kill themselves.
Looking for a way to kill themselves, such as searching online or buying a gun
Talking about feeling hopeless or having no reason to live.
Talking about feeling trapped or in unbearable pain.
Talking about being a burden to others.
Increasing the use of alcohol or drugs.
Acting anxious or agitated; behaving recklessly.
Sleeping too little or too much.
Withdrawing or isolating themselves.
Showing rage or talking about seeking revenge.
Displaying extreme mood swings.
Below are a few suggestions for helping your teenager and family cope with depression. These are minor coping strategies and may not be specific to your child’s individual needs. Please consider seeking a professional counselor or psychologist in your area for continued treatment and monitoring.
Engage in cultural or religious practices such as prayer. These may be helpful for decreasing suicide and providing social support.
Increase family activities and engagement in the community. Strong connections provide hopefulness and emotional support.
Contact the National Suicide Prevention hotline (available 7 days a week) for free and confidential support 1-800-SUICIDE
Get connected to a therapist or mental health provider. Remember it’s your decision and your child’s to decide whom you want to work with.